Technology Transfer Agency in India


Yogita Chowdhary, Babita Kumar

Sanskar College of Pharmacy Education and Research, Gaziabad, U.P.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:



Transfer of technology is defined as “a logical procedure that controls the transfer of any process together with its documentation and professional expertise between development and manufacture or between manufacture sites” • Technology transfer is both integral and critical to the drug discovery and development .Technology of transfer may be defined as a mutually agreed upon, intentional, goal-oriented, and proactive process by which technology flows from an entity that owns the technology (the transferor) to an entity seeking the technology (the transferee). Government of India is in the verge to open Technology Transfer Offices, Universities, institutions which will be funded by central government and will acts as mechanism for transferring or exporting the research conducted and its outcome to the desired place. Examples of technology transfer can be found across virtually every scientific and industrial area, from pharmaceuticals and medical devices to alternative energy solutions, computing, transport, artificial intelligence, robotics, agriculture, aerospace, environmental improvements and many more.. To overcome these limitations, the four levels of knowledge and technology transfer are suggested: Technology transfer can be broadly classified into vertical and horizontal technology transfer. Vertical Technology Transfer– This chain of transfer includes basic research to applied research, applied research to development, and from development to production. It is also known as internal technology transfer. Technology transfer is a process to transfer information and technologies necessary to manufacture quality drug product consistently or technology transfer is the process of taking an invention from its inception in a laboratory to a commercialized product.


KEYWORDS: Professional, Molecule, Manufacturing site, Medical device.




Technology of transfer may be defined as a mutually agreed upon, intentional, goal-oriented, and proactive process by which technology1 flows from an entity that owns the technology (the transferor) to an entity seeking the technology (the transferee).The transfer involves cost and expenditure that is negotiated and agreed upon by the transferee2,3 and transferor. The transfer may be said to be successful if the transferee can successfully utilise the technology for business gains and eventually assimilate4,5 it.




Name of Organisation

Year of Establishment



1977, Banglore and moved to New Delhi in 1993.

It governs small and medium-scale enterprises in Asia and the Pacific. It regulates the development projects which are funded internationally to provide more strength for TT in Asia and the Pacific.


1953, Govt of India

It is involved in transfer of technologies, inventions, patents and processes from the national research and development institutions and universities that are under the administrative6 control of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research and Ministry of Science and Technology.


1988, DST

Is aimed to promote and support the technology, innovations in selected areas of national importance. TIFAC concentrates on technology innovation and development through various sustained programs


1990, Indian Companies Act

It is aimed for providing the necessary linkages among stakeholders and business support to facilitate the acceleration of commercialization of biotechnology8. BCIL assists scientists, technologies, research institutions, universities, first entrepreneurs, the corporate sector, national and international organizations, central government, various state governments, banks and financial institutions.

TBSE9, 10


It provides the opportunity to the small enterprises to at the global level for acquisition of technology or establish business collaboration.


1990, Govt of India

It provide refinance facilities and short term lending to industries, and serves as the principal 11financial institution in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector.



Technology transfers have played a crucial role in all round development. It aims moving technology from inventor laboratory into licensee’s laboratory. It involves know how and technical ability to perform experiment and scale up them for commercialization.



1.   Ashok A. Hajare, 2021, Niral Prakashan, A textbook of Industrial Pharmacy.

2.   K.P sampath kumar, Debjit bhowmik, Rishabh Bhanot, Shambaditya, 2021, Nirali Prakashan A textbook of Industrial Pharmacy.

3.   Case Studies on Cooperation and Exchange Between R&D Institutions in Developed and Developing Countries". Retrieved 2021-12-31.

4.   "What is Tech Transfer, Anyway?". AUTM. Retrieved 31 December 2021.

5.   "Technology Transfer and Development". Retrieved 2021-12-31.

6.   Kremic, Tibor (2003). "Technology Transfer: A Contextual Approach". The Journal of Technology Transfer. 28 (2): 149–158.

7.   "Technology Transfer in Countries in Transition: Policy and Recommendations" (PDF). August 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2021.

8.   "Project on Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer: Common Challenges - Building Solutions (Recommendations 19, 25, 26 and 28)". Retrieved 2021-12-31.

9.   Grosse, Robert (1996). "international Technology Transfer in Services". Journal of International Business Studies.

10. "Successful Technology Transfer through a Spin-off Company". Retrieved 2021-12-31.

11. Pomffyová, Mária; Rostašová, Mária; Krajčík, Vladimír (2018-11-05). The Role of Spin-Off Companies in the Technology Transfer and IS Management Potential in Developing a Sharing Economy. IntechOpen. ISBN 978-1-78985-453-4.




Received on 07.03.2022         Modified on 13.09.2022        

Accepted on 07.12.2022 ©Asian Pharma Press All Right Reserved

Asian J. Pharm. Tech. 2023; 13(1):55-56.

DOI: 10.52711/2231-5713.2023.00011