Lipase enzyme is a naturally occurring enzyme found in the stomach and pancreatic juice. They function is to digests fats and lipids, helping to maintain correct gall bladder function. As such, these constitute any of the fat-splitting or lipolytic enzymes, all of which cleave a fatty acid residue from the glycerol residue in a neutral fat or a phospholipid. The lipase enzyme controls the amount of fat being synthesized and that which is burned in the body, reducing adipose tissue. Lipases are one of the important groups of biocatalysts used in biotechnological applications. Lipases have been isolated from many species of plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and yeast. Lipases extracted from microorganisms are used in various industries such as dairy, food, detergents, textile, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and biodiesel industries. It is also used for synthesis of fine chemicals, agrochemicals and new polymeric materials. Research on microbial lipases, has increased due to their great commercial potential. Lipases are added to detergents such as household and industrial laundry and also in household dishwashers, where their function is removal of fatty residues and cleaning clogged drains. Their applications in our daily life are increasing day by day.
Cite this article:
Abhijit Ray. Application of Lipase in Industry. Asian J. Pharm. Tech. 2(2): April-June 2012; Page 33-37.