Lawsonia inermis Linn. also known as L. alba Lam. (Lythraceae) is a shrub or small tree. Popularly known as Heena or Mehndi. It is tree species native to North Africa, L. inermis plant used all over world. It is a branched glabrous shrub or small tree, cultivated for its leaves although stem bark, roots, flowers and seeds have also been used in traditional medicine, the tree grown up to 25 feet. Henna has been used cosmetically and medicinally for over 9,000 years. Its use became popular in India because of its cooling effect in the hot Indian summer and it possesses numerous pharmacological properties. The structural elucidation of Lawsonia inermis exposed the presence of several triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids, coumarine, phenolic derivatives, isoplumbagin, aliphatics, hennotonic acid, mannitol and Gallic acid. Lawsonia inermis is widely used in the treatment of antiurolithiatic, anticonvulsant activity, anthelmintic activity, antibacterial activity antidiabetic and antioxidant activities, trypsin inhibitory activity, hepatoprotective activity, abortifacient activity and to promote healing of wounds of henna etc. The review is an attempt to make the future scientist conscious of the vital role played by Lawsonia inermis in treating various ailments and to discover new compounds which adds tribute to this medicinal plant.
Cite this article:
Kruti M. Patel, Pratik R. Patel. Review on Lawsonia inermis Linn. : An Update. Asian J. Pharm. Tech. 2017; 7 (4): 237-250. doi: 10.5958/2231-5713.2017.00036.8