Author(s): Mufliha Murtaza, Affifa Tajammal, Muhammad Hamza Ashfaq, Waqar Mirza, Ansa Nazir, Iram Hanif


DOI: 10.52711/2231-5713.2022.00010   

Address: Mufliha Murtaza1, Affifa Tajammal1, Muhammad Hamza Ashfaq2*, Waqar Mirza1, Ansa Nazir1, Iram Hanif1
1Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan.
2Department of Chemistry, School of Science, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 12,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2022

Flavonoids are the pigments present in plants which mostly found in terrestrial plants. Flavonoids are indeed a naturally present group of polyphenolic compounds present in plants. They were driven by the term "flavus," which means "yellow." It is a 15-carbon skeleton compound. They have fused aromatic ring and benzopyran heterocyclic ring having oxygen atom in it along with phenyl substituent. They are synthesized from Phenylalanine. In cereals and Herbs, they are mainly found. Flavonoids are compounds that are biologically active. They provide color and protection from ultraviolet rays. They have many classes based upon oxidative status, number, and types of substituents present. Flavonoids exist naturally in the form of polymers, most commonly in dimers form. They occur primarily in ß-glycosides form except for Catechins. They can help in the inhibition of enzymes and stimulate some hormones along with some neurotransmitters. They also show the properties of scavenging free radicals. They can inhibit or kill many bacterial strains, viral enzymes, and pathogenic protozoans. There are various techniques and methods for the synthesis of natural products artificially. In the present study, we have attempted to cover different synthetic methods for flavonoid synthesis to find its best way to synthesize. It was concluded that Baker & Venkatraman synthesis and Claisen-Schmidt condensation are well-known methods used to synthesize flavonoids.

Cite this article:
Mufliha Murtaza, Affifa Tajammal, Muhammad Hamza Ashfaq, Waqar Mirza, Ansa Nazir, Iram Hanif. A Short Review on Synthetic Methodologies of Flavonoids. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 12(1):53-2. doi: 10.52711/2231-5713.2022.00010

Mufliha Murtaza, Affifa Tajammal, Muhammad Hamza Ashfaq, Waqar Mirza, Ansa Nazir, Iram Hanif. A Short Review on Synthetic Methodologies of Flavonoids. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 12(1):53-2. doi: 10.52711/2231-5713.2022.00010   Available on:

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